A recent study demonstrates the use of machine learning to create data-driven parameterizations for atmospheric modeling, improving the simulation of winds in a coarse-resolution model. As a quantum computing evangelist, I see this as a prime example of how advanced technologies can advance scientific research and innovation.
As a quantum computing evangelist, I am always excited to see how advanced technologies can advance scientific research and innovation. The recent study by Yuval and O’Gorman , demonstrating the use of machine learning for atmospheric modeling, is a prime example of this. Atmospheric models are critical in predicting weather patterns and understanding climate change, but they must represent processes on spatial scales spanning many orders of magnitude. Small-scale processes, such as thunderstorms and turbulence, are especially important but cannot be explicitly resolved due to computational expense. This is where machine learning comes in, creating data-driven parameterizations directly from very high-resolution simulations that require fewer assumptions. Yuval and O’Gorman  provide the first demonstration of a neural network parameterization of the effects of subgrid processes on the vertical transport of momentum in the atmosphere. Their careful approach to generating a training dataset, accounting for subtle issues in the horizontal grid of the high-resolution model, resulted in a parameterization that generally improves the simulation of winds in a coarse-resolution model. However, as with any new technology, there is still room for improvement and refinement. Overall, this study is a significant step forward in advancing atmospheric modeling and highlights the potential of machine learning in other scientific fields. As a quantum computing evangelist, I am excited to see how quantum computing can further push the boundaries of machine learning and accelerate scientific research and innovation in the future.